Before we go any further, let us look at the definition terms of the word “trapiche”. It is a Spanish word meaning a wheel used in a sugar mill or a rude mill for grinding ores or minerals. This wheel resembles very much with a car wheel, likewise this type of a ruby with a combination of small sections which bring about a wheel shape.
This type of ruby has six sections all together. You don’t need a light source to see all of them. The parts of this ruby can be seen well.
This ruby has six different rays which can be visible very clearly once the light source is applied. And once the Ruby displays these rays, this act of display we call it “Asterism”.
But it is also good to know that, there are some gemstones have a “trapiche” features such as
Take Note Trapiche Ruby can also display “asterism”, although it is very rare.
Padparadscha Sapphire is a Sapphire which has “Pinkish Orange” color, it is an ancient name with a meaning of “Lotus Flower”.
The color of this type of a Sapphire is still a big debate, but the one known so far is “pinkish orange”. The biggest market for this sapphire is in Japan. Most of reputed labs are in Japan. Once they check them and approve, it is accepted everywhere.
Many years ago, Padparadscha was grouped as a Ruby. But for ruby to be a ruby it has to be red, or dominated with red color for corundum in order to be considered as a ruby.
Note that both heated and unheated sapphires are termed as Padparadscha.
Umba sapphire has gained it fame by the reason of displaying many different colors. The name Umba is the name of a river, but these sapphires do not come from the river. That is to say Umba mines are primary deposits.
Umba sapphires are found in a small village of Kigwasi and just 25 kilometers away there is another famous village known as “Kalalani”. Both of these small but famous towns are located in the coastal region of Tanga, which is 300 kilometers from the great city of Dar es salaam. It is estimated about 115 kilometer distance from Tanga to Kigwasi, where the junction that branches to Kigwasi is along the Tanga-Mombasa road just 15 kilometers from Tanga.
The main activity in this town is mining and very little agriculture, and before reaching Kigwasi town you pass through two well known small towns of Maramba and Daruni.
It is estimated that the sapphire mining activities in this village of Kigwasi started in the 1950s, and at that time Tanzania formally Tanganyika was under the British Colonial Rule.
There was a settler who was in the Sisal Plantations in those days; this man was well known as Mr. George Papaeliopoulos. Mr. Papaeliopoulos started mining activities between 1950 up to 1972. By 1972, this man left the country as well as the mining business.
Even though 1950-1972 may seem to be long ago, but this man had equipment which we consider modern in those days for sapphire mining. And this he did because the business was growing very well for Mr. George. In addition to that, Mr. George had his own “air strip” which was more than one including the one that was in Kigwasi.
In those days, sapphires ware everywhere in Kigwasi to an extent you hardly go 1 meter before you get some. The only thing that was a concern was “sorting” them. Up to 2010 no one has gone more than 10 deep to get sapphires, most of them got hold of sapphires at 1 meter up to 3 meters digging.
Kigwasi produces sapphires of different colors such as;
White and many more.
Apart from sapphires, there are;
§ Red Garnets,
§ Tsavorite Garnets,
They have been a big misconception concerning gemstones especially from the Christians. Most of them think that gemstone business has to do with powers of darkness.
God Himself crated these gemstones for the sake of His own children, now when you carefully read the Bible you will see that.
The Bible makes it very clear that the gemstone business started way back, even before Jesus was born. So we will be looking what the scriptures are saying and how many times gemstone business has been mentioned in the Bible.
“And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.”
“And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond.”
“And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in hisclearness.”
“O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, andnot comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires.”
“The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.”
“And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst.”
Above we have just seen some of the gemstones mentioned in the Bible.
If you are a Christian and you are in the Gemstone business or you are planning or thinking to do, don’t hesitate going ahead and do it because it is not sin neither is it illegal if done through the right channels. The good news is this you will do this business and still be holy.
And once again be reminded that all these gemstones, God did not create them for Satan and his demons, but for the saints. And remember in the book of Genesis we are to rule and have dominion over all that is in this planet. That means you cannot rule some and leave some.
Also the New Jerusalem is made of more than ten different types of gemstones. Just think about it if God can use gemstones as a building material, what makes you think the gemstone business will keep you away from God’s presence?
In conclusion, gemstone will profit you when you do by applying the business principals.
Bangkok Gem & Jewelry Fair (BGJF) is one of the largest Gem fairs in the world. But being among the greatest or biggest Gem fair, it does not guarantee you for a big sales. There are some fundamental steps to be taken even if you may seem to be minor. I attended 57th exhibition for five days, and I was privileged to speak with some exhibitors. Some said there was no much sales in that particular fair, it was then I noted some of the things they lacked of which I am about to share with you. For you to get maximum result you need to put in into practices for what I am going to share?
Welcome any customer that comes to your “booth”. I saw this as one of the item missing in 2016 BGJF last February. Never under estimate a customer by appearance. Remember this is an international gem fair with more than 30,000 visitors coming from different parts of the world. The fact that you see them in the fair ground is because they have come for the fair. The customer may need a gem, or a jewel, or even equipment and you cannot tell it by your very eyes
Remember, in fair like this people come for jewelry, gemstones or equipment not for clothes, shoes or cars. They have come especially for Gems and Jewel business. And this is a very potential area to meet some serious sellers and buyers; I saw this as a challenge because some booths I entered and was not welcomed.
Once customers come, it is not time to talk with your fellow or chat with your Smartphone but welcome any customer who enters your booth. This article is out of my personal experiences at the fair. I still have enough memories of what I saw. Once a customer steps into your booth, it is not the time to chat with your Smartphone. You know a customer is a person who has feelings too, just like any other person.
Some will come with very little knowledge, what they need is to be given the right information. By doing so you can make a customer buying something they never planned before. This can only be achieved through customer caring.
What surprised me is that some of the booths did not have flyers even brochures. Where will the customer get adequate information about your products? Because some of the customers, after the fair that is when they go through the flyers or brochures one after the other. Please take responsibility on handbills such as flyers or brochures, not every customer has time for whatsApp.
Business card is also another means of informing a customer on your contacts, such as website, email address, physical address, postal address, and phone numbers. Since most people use whatsApp, many have neglected the use of business cards. Everyone who is serious in business of gem and jewelry industry must have business card that will provide relevant information such as mentioned above which includes a phone number starting with a country code as well as a company website.
Some have been complaining that they don’t make more sales, while neglecting some of these crucial items. Once the exhibition ends, how will the customer know on where to find your products or where is your Gem & Jewelry store located. Don’t think the customers will know your stores are located along Silom Road without tell them or give any written contact.
I have also discovered some come with these business cards but not sufficient enough to the last day of the exhibition. By the time the exhibition enters in 4th day the flyers, brochures or business cards are finished. This is an indication of poor planning or lack of preparation.
During the fair I visited one booth that was selling golden chains for necklaces in rollers. One of the exhibitors a Thai Sister welcomed me and explained very well about all their products with the aid of a brochure. At the end of a good illustration I asked for the brochure which was about a hundred pages, she said she can’t give because it was the last copy. Then she recommended me to visit their website for all the details, just think about going through a hundred pages in website? Will you be able to read all the details and download? I hope you have got my point.
This is also very important and very useful in gem and jewelry business. When your business is on the website, it simply means you are worldwide shop. A customer in any part of the world can visit your website, and obtain all the necessary information about your products even when you are asleep,
If you have just opened this article, I suggest you read part 1 as well for clarification. Some of the tips mentioned in this article may seem to be too simple not to be taken seriously or even neglected. During the Bangkok Gems & Jewelry Fair 57TH Exhibition, I was privileged to speak with some exhibitors on what is their observations concerning the fair. Many were complaining of not getting many customers, and due to that they were preparing themselves to go to the next fair which was to take place in Hong Kong.
The issue was not to go to Hong Kong but to find out what needs to be improved in order to make more sales. Please take note of these tips and make sure you put them into practice.
Whatsapp access is another vital tool for communicating with customers throughout the world, the world has advanced from landline phones to cellular phones and makes communication much easier. With WhatsApp application you can communication with anyone in any part of the world as long as you have internet access.
It is more useful than just sending your personal pictures, once a customer steps into your booth; ask for a business card from him/her or a cell number. Then after the fair, you can send the customer the pictures of your products via WhatsApp media. If you make a good use of this application you can still make a good sell even after the fair.
Booth Number is to be remembered when preparing your flyers or business cards for the fair. For instance in the 57th BGJF there were more than 3,000 booths, this sometimes becomes difficult for a customer to remember the location of the booth. It may happen that a customer has a one or days two of doing the shopping, that means there will be no time to waste looking for one booth he saw a day before. Remember to put a booth number on all your flyers, brochures and business cards.
Price tag should be put upon all your products on display. This is one of the things I encountered at the BGJF 57th fair. Let me give you this simple example, if you visit a website looking for cell phones. You go to the first website and see good cell phones but no price tagged to them, then you decide to move to the next one and you find the prices are tagged to each phone. Which one of these two websites will you spend time? Obviously the second one with price tags on the products.
This is one of the challenges I saw during Bangkok Gems & Jewelry Fair. Remember this is a five day gem fair, a customer will not have time to ask for price in every booth with no price tag on the goods. Make sure all your products have a price tag attached, whether in US$ or in local currency (baht). It will make easy for a customer to make quick and good decision on what to buy.
You may not agree with me about this idea but keep in mind about the time factor of the fair, just five days there is no time to waste for the customer. When I say to sell by lot or parcel even in piece, some people may say they will not get a profit. No, you will get a profit while saving time for a customer. The time you will use to get a scale then converting the price from US$ to local currency or the other way round.
Take for instance, you have 4 carats of sapphire, and the price per carat is US$ 1,000. There is no need to say my price is US$1,000 per carat, you just say “ this sapphire has 4 carats and its price is US$4,000”. It will make things easy for the customers coming into your booth for quick decision making. You also do the same if you want to sell in lot or parcel form.
Lot/Parcel No MGE1
Total Price US$ 1200
I hope this is clear to you.
Many who sell at the Bangkok Gems & Jewelry Fair have nothing to explain to the customer simply because they have no knowledge on what they sell.
I walked into one booth and I met one exhibitor who was selling plenty of sapphires, and I asked him a question. “Are these sapphires treated?” He answered “all these are heated only but not treated”. It was then I discovered that this exhibitor did not know what he was talking about. Heating a gemstone is part of treatment.
To get a basic knowledge is very important; you can get them through Gem books or by visiting different Gemological Institutes which offer online training all over the world.
I tried to speak with some exhibitors, and most of them seem to be complaining that they did not sell much during the fair. This is because they aimed to sell during the fair only, for those five days but not after the fair.
What is important is to take contacts of the customers that come across your booth for further communication. Do not wait for them to give you their contacts, welcome them then explain your products to them and ask for a business card or cell number that supports whatsApp or email address.
I am too sure this article has given you light to some extent, what is most needed is to put them into action. If you collected contacts from your customers, it is now time to make a follow up by reminding them you met during the Bangkok Gems & Jewelry Fair. From there now you can remind them about your products.
In this article I would like to give some hints on how to attend this fair, whether you are a visitor, buyer or exhibitor.
It is because is among the big gem and jewelry fair in the world. My desire is for the Tanzanians who are intending to sell gems at this fair to be well prepared. This fair holds twice annually, in February and in September. I will share some vital information which will help you getting to Thailand where this is taking place.
1. Passport- It has to be an international passport, valid at least 6 months ahead with space or pages to stick a visa.
2. Visa-This is a permit to enter Thailand and is obtained at the Royal Thai Embassy which is in Nairobi Kenya. It is a one week process and you are to choose whether to get a single entry visa, or a double entry visa or a multiple entry visa in order to enter Thailand.
3. Vaccination Card- This is for health approval at the airport is obtainable at the government hospitals (district or regional). Get it before early to avoid inconvenience at the airport.
4. Air Ticket- This is means of transportation to take you to Thailand, there are many airline companies you make a choice. Such as Ethiopian, Emirates, Kenya Airways Qatar. Note here do not purchase a ticket before getting a visa, rather make a booking first.
In order to get Thai Visa you must comply the details below, failure to do so you may send your passport by DHL to Nairobi and missing the Visa which can lead to more cost to send missing documents.
1. Company Details
These are details that identify your business which includes; company registration certificate ( from the ministry of energy and natural resources), company license certificate, Tax Identification Number (TIN) certificate from the Revenue Authority.
2. Application Fee
This is the money you pay for the visa you desire it is about US$100 or less depending on the kind of visa you will require, whether single entry, double entry or multiple entry. For current information about application fee please contact Thai Embassy in Nairobi
3. Passport size pictures
You need two colored passport size pictures.
4. Hotel Booking Details
This is the accommodation details when you get to Thailand, you can check on websites to know and make a reservation/booking. Take the hotel particular details.
5. Company or Personal Bank Statement
Some people afraid when they hear or see word “bank statement”. This can be obtained from your bank branch where you have an account like CRDB, NMB, Mkombozi. It is for your financial status i.e. if you are going you need at least TShs 5,000,000/ or US$ 2,500/ for two weeks. Make sure your bank statement shows around TShs 5,000,000/ or US$ 2,500, but if it shows below around TShs 1,000,000/ or US$ 500 you can miss the visa
6. Your Passport
Your original passport will be required for visa which will be attached with your documents. Please note your passport will be sent to the embassy in Nairobi Kenya but you will have to pay DHL for your passport to be transported back to Tanzania from Kenya. Both going and return export passport charges you have to pay.
7. Visa Application Form
This is to have your details as well as the details of your intention to visit Thailand and the kind of visa required.
8. Ticket Booking
This will show the flight details such as the airline. Please let me remind you again, do not buy an airline ticket before you get a visa. Get a visa first then go for the ticket.
This article is very important to all those who would like to avoid losses in gemstone business. Basically there are so many factors or avenues that can cause losses in gemstone business, and in this article we will be looking at the major ones that can help reduce up to 90% of losses.
1. Avoid Synthetic Gemstones
If you are not careful, synthetic gemstones can cause you big loss which cannot be explained. In some of my previous articles I explained a little bit what a “synthetic gemstone” is. It is a lab made gemstone with the same characteristics of a natural gemstone, such as “crystal structure”, “chemical composition”just like a natural gemstone.
2. Avoid Simulant Gemstones
This one can be natural or synthetic gemstone but for more details about stimulant gems you can check my previous articles. For instance; if you sold a pink gemstone to the customer and you think that was sapphire. But as he took it for a test and result showed that it was a spinel, in reality you have sold a pink spinel and not a pink sapphire, whether you know it or not, you have sold a simulant sapphire.
3. Avoid Imitation Gemstones
Imitation gemstone is neither natural nor synthetic gemstone, but it is a material that “looks like gemstone”. If you sell this imitation gemstone then later on a customer discovers it was not natural, you get yourself in trouble to an extent of compensation. You will enter into unnecessary expenses as well as losing a customer.
4. Don’t Judge a Stone By Sight
Another means of avoiding losses is, never estimate a gemstone by its look or by sight, whether it is natural or synthetic. Judging a gemstone by sight needs a lot of experience, especially if you want to know whether it’s a simulant or imitation, but if it is synthetic you need gemological tools to know or distinguish it from a natural sapphire. The best way is to use gemological tools or sending them to the gem lab testing.
5. Don’t Assume to be Natural because it comes from a “Mine Areas”
This is another crucial area you need to be very careful. It happened to me one day I sent my gem cutter to the sapphire mining area to buy two pieces of sapphires. He bought them, mind you this person has five years’ experience in gemstone cutting. He brought them from Umba in Tanga region where the sapphire deposits are.
After processing them I sent the two pieces to China and the client took them along with him to USA. In getting to USA he tested them and to my surprise they were synthetic which I sold for US$7000. And the customer had already paid a down payment, you can imagine the kind of loss I encountered. That was in 2015, I believed every gemstone that comes from the mine areas is natural but I never knew the middle men were smarter than me. So don’t make the same mistake. You know some brokers take synthetic gemstones and sending them to the mine areas because they believe everyone sees stones in mine areas are natural. Be careful.
6. Don’t depend totally on the Gem Cutters Explanation
Personally I do few things
i) during the cutting it must prove all the characteristics of a natural gemstone.
ii) I test them before and after cutting
iii) Sometimes Gem cutter cannot recognize if gem is natural or synthetic so I test
iv) Sometimes Gem cutter cannot recognize if gem is treated or not so I test
v) Sometimes Gem cutter cannot recognize gem varieties like pink tourmaline, pink spinel so I test
In this article I am not talking about religion, whether you are a Christian or a Muslim or a Hindu or any other religion. All I want you to know is, is there any relationship between gemstones and powers of darkness? and I will use one religious book for clarification.
The people that I want to address including Gem dealers, Gem brokers and Miners, is it a must to do some rituals before start your business?
Most of them have been taught or instructed to do some rituals in order to get gemstones from the mine. If you ask them this is what they will tell “sometimes the mine collapses so we need to do these rituals so that the mine will not collapse during the mining operations. With such a case what is needed is to observe all the safety requirements for the mine not to collapse.
Some will say “we must do the rituals so that we get the gemstones early enough without taking much time and much digging.” Some have been made to believe because gemstones come from the ground they are demonic. This one too needs a technical procedure with proper instruments to where to actually go. But let me ask you a question, how come fuel that is petrol or diesel is also extracted from the ground are they also demonic?
If you can look for a bible and read the below verse of scripture you will notice different types of gemstones have been mentioned.
Ezek 28:13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone [was] thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. (KJV)
Remember gemstones have nothing to do with the powers of darkness, but all you need is proper mining equipment and follow safety procedures.
The answer is yes. Let us start by looking what does the word integrity means? Integrity means, to do business in honest, loyalty, truth, and transparency without cheating or lying. Today there is a lot of cheating in gem business especially in Africa, and causing the gem business to be difficult especially when you do “on line business”.
Many have the money and they want to buy gemstones, but the problem is a trustworthy person on the selling side. Will they be able to sell what the display on the website? This is where the issue of integrity comes in. if you are doing online gem business you must operate on integrity for your business to grow. If you are loyal once you get an order, make sure your customer gets the correct material on time, this will make the customer to trust you and order more gemstones.
1. Do not cheat your customer through falsehood
Make sure you tell the customer the truth about your products, if you are selling synthetic gems say so. If you are selling a pink tourmaline say it is a pink tourmaline and not pink spinel or sapphire simply because are sold easily.
2. Do not change figures
The problem of changing figures is sometimes end to end problem, both the seller and the buyer. Both parties can agree to change figures for the sake of dodging taxes, the one that is being cheated here is called the Government. Let me give you a little illustration, in your website you are displaying item MGE 7 is US$ 10,000/=. After the bargaining you agree to sell for US$ 8,000/=, and the buyer asks you to write an invoice of US$ 2,000/= for him to pay little import duty.
Both the seller and the buyer have cheated your governments by reducing the actual price to dodge tax, the seller loyalty fee of US$ 8000 not US$ 2000 and the buyer the import duty of US$ 2000 instead of US$ 8000/.
It is possible some Government Mine Officer can overcharge you instead of US$ 8,000/ you are charged US$12,000/ as loyalties, all I can say is make sure you are clean on your side.
3. Do not cheat the Government
Make sure you run your business in a correct and transparent way. If you are doing any kind of cheating, stop it. Note that the government is a silent partner in your business, if the government will not offer you the export permit you won’t export your goods.
4. Do not cheat your shareholders and stakeholders
Make sure you give a correct information to revenue authorities, gem laboratory, courier. Please provide a correct “Gem Report”.
The issue of integrity does not need over emphasizing, but with it you can make your gem business run in loyalty and eventually grow to billions.
When you talk about spinel sources in the world, there is no way you can skip to mention mahenge deposits in Tanzania. If you don’t mention it then you intend to hide the whole truth about spinel sources in the world. Always give somebody what he deserves’.
Mahenge Spinel is one among gemstone that was popular from the year of 2000s due to its quality and color. One may ask this spinel comes from Mahenge only in this world? the answer is no. There are countries like Mozambique, Burma and many of them that provide Spinel, but the Mahenge spinel has been the best due to its color and clarity especially red and pink spinel.
Even Tanzania there are different areas that produce spinel like Winza, Tunduru but the Mahenge spinel has got more attraction.
Red vivid or pink vivid color is the color that makes spinel to be sold in high prices than other colors. Spinel has almost all the colors. Recently red or pink spinel from 5 to 15 carats can be sold from US$ 5,000 to US$100,000 USD
Color: Various color like red, blue, green, brown, black, gray, lilac, purple, orange, rose, nearly colorless.
Inclusions: minute octahedral or negative crystals, alone or in fingerprint pattern; included crystals, iron oxide staining.
Refractive index: 1.718
Specific gravity: 3.60
Mohs Hardness: 8
Phenomena: Asterism, color change
Spinel gem is a tough gem due to its “Hardness”. Hence making spinel jewelry to be used all the time in the jewelry industry. Spinel can be used in any kind of jewelry be it neckless, pendant, earrings or rings.
When it comes to care and cleaning of spinel, device like ‘Ultrasonic or Steam cleaner can be used without any doubt at any time.
Dar es salaam to Mahenge via Morogoro road
Morogoro town -197km
Mikumi Junction - 319km
River Ruaha – 355km
Ifakara – 430km
Mahenge – 500km
Mahenge to Dar es salaam via Msata Bagamoyo Road.
Mlimani – 10km
Lupiro – 41km
Kilombero Bridge – 64km
Ifakara – 70km
Kiberege – 106km
Mang’ula – 120km
Msolwa – 133km
Kidatu – 140km
River Ruaha – 145km
Mikumi Junction – 180km
Morogoro Town – 300km
Msata Junction – 422km
Bagamoyo – 185km
Dar City Centre – 550km
The Spinel that mine in Mahenge is found in two different types, Alluvial Deposits and Primary Deposits
What do we mean by saying primary deposits, it means is the gemstone from the rocks or from primary source. For example at Epanko area where big amount of spinals are produced from there spinel are being mined from the rocks. For you to mine spinel you need to use gun powder and other tools or mining equipment due to the spinel rocks are very tough.
There are some gemstones which are found in the rivers and they are brought up by waters for many years ago from the rocks of primary sources. There are other areas which produce it from beside water of rivers and streams, example of Epanko area it has both the primary deposits and alluvial deposits.
Most of Spinels that is found in this area of alluvial deposit are good with no crack and sometimes might be big size from 4 to 12 grams per piece.
Cutting office is very important especially when you want your business to grow. If you get an order of 2000 carats per week, it will cost you a lot for not having your own cutting office. You will spend a lot of money to cut them, by hiring a private cutter or going to the gem cutting offices which of them have a lot of cutting and polishing gems. In this article I will be explaining about an office where you will be cutting and polishing gemstones. And also we will see what the requirements are.
This is non-negotiable, you must have it in your office. There are different types of faceting machines, facetron, ultratec, indian machines and thai machines. These are just some brands, you need to be watchful the voltage required in your area that is 110v ac or 220v ac. It is advisable to use an auto-voltage regulator (stabilizer) in case of power fluctuation.
This one is needed to gemstones which do not need facets due to their nature, such as Moonstone and Sunstone. This does not restrict you from faceting these type of gemstones, but by doing so they will lose their attraction.
This machine is needful when you want to divide a gemstone into pieces.
This instrument is for measuring size, length, width, height. It is also good to have a digital metric caliper for accuracy.
This is not a machine, but a qualified person who will handle all the cutting and the polishing of the gemstones professionally known as Lapidary in the gemological term. He /She must be competent enough to do the job well and avoid errors such re-cut.
This is another crucial tool for measuring weight of a gemstone, this must be a Legal for Trade scale which is authorized for such trade with a brand of Legal for Trade on it. Also the scale must be inspected annually by the authorized organization with certificate offered after inspection.
It is also needed for treating
This too is useful even though you may get some gemstones that do not need a loupe. The loupe is the most convenient and affordable magnifier used for gem grading. It is small and portable. You can carry a loupe in your pocket or wear it on a chain around your neck. And, when used by gem cutter with an experienced eye, a loupe is very accurate. Loupes come in two varieties: hand loupes and eye loupes.
Hand loupes are held in one hand for viewing the stone.
Eye loupes are either held in the eye socket or attached to eyeglasses. It takes practice to handle and use a loupe effectively. But loupes are efficient so you must have them in your office.
These usually come with the faceting machines, but it is good to have many of them to help you handle many gemstones at the same time. Most of faceting machines come with 15 dop sticks so if you have 50 rough stones it will be difficult to handle them for little time
This is needed for sticking a stone to a dop-stick
In this article I would like to share on how to start a diamond business and not how diamonds are formed. The diamond business did not start 100 years ago, but more than 2,000BC. By so saying it is an ancient business in the gemstone industry. There are several magazines and websites that tell about “current wealthy people” such as Laurent Graff and Lev Levier who are billionaires. Each one of them has more than US$ 1,000,000,000 (1 billion) from the diamond business. And this is an indicator that diamond business is doing well in the gemstone business, whereby turn many into millionaires.
Please take note or may I say precaution, the diamond business needs a high level of concentration and follow up every step of the way. From exploration, mining, sorting, cutting and polishing until it get to the market. It is not a business you do and become rich over a week, neither it is a business you can do without any knowledge of how from the mine to the market.
This business requires sufficient money as a capital, this is not a business to try. You can come across a piece of a diamond with 5 carats and each carat is worth of US$ 25,000 which means you will need US$ 125,000 for that one piece of diamond. I can’t tell exactly how much you will need as a capital, but it has to be enough.
This is a tool as a broker or a dealer must have it. It is a small magnifying lens used for diamond grading. It is small and portable. You can carry a loupe in your pocket or wear it on a chain around your neck. And, when used by someone with an experienced eye, a loupe is very accurate. Loupes come in two varieties: hand loupes and eye loupes. Hand loupes are held in one hand for viewing the stone. Eye loupes are either held in the eye socket or attached to eyeglasses. According to international standard, 10X is the standard for diamond grading,
Loupes are available in a variety of magnifications from 4X to 30X. You’ll find many loupes in use in the gem tools stores, where most diamonds are loupe graded. It takes practice to handle and use a loupe effectively. But loupes are efficient: An experienced grader or buyer can use a loupe to work through a large number of stones in a very short time. ”, if you do not know how to use it you better learn before you get ‘’wrong results”.
This is another potent tool you should have, this one will help you distinguish between diamond, stimulant or colored stones. Before having it you must have enough knowledge of how to use
You need to have a scale that can weigh the small size of diamonds. Most of the diamonds come from under gram so you need to have carat scale. Secondly, your scale must be the “Legal for Trade” use.
You need to test your diamonds especially for reputed labs. Also you may have your own private or in house gemologist for testing job
This is a regulation formed in 2003, which shows how diamond transfer from one nation to another. This certificate shows the movement of diamonds and do not support” civil conflicts or terrorism”. It is important when you are in diamond business to know how this regulation operates.
I will not advise you to enter into diamond business without having adequate knowledge on diamonds, this will help you to avoid losses. Not every gemstone that comes from Shinyanga is a diamond, even white zircon looks like diamond. There are many institutes that teach about diamonds across the world, such as
-Gemological Institute of America (GIA) – USA www.gia.edu
-The Gem and Jewelry Institute of Thailand - Thailand www.git.or.th
-Lapidary Training Centre- Tanzania- www.noreen.ch
Getting knowledge is very crucial and there is no shortcut on it. Don’t say “I have an idea” or “I have a capital” you must have enough knowledge even if you are planning to hire someone to do the job for you otherwise you will be easily deceived.
This is a document containing diamond details, which consists of size, color, number of stones, clarity details and total carats of a whole or all diamonds. Even though it does not a particular flow, but it has enough details about diamonds.
You need a diamond courier
You must know what mode of transportation to move your diamonds from one nation to another. Diamonds need more security otherwise it will or may not reach its destination. There are some companies that transport diamonds such as Brinks, Malca, Amit and others.
Where are the diamond markets?
You must know where the big markets of diamonds are located, in some countries like Israel Belgium, Hong Kong, USA or Thailand, there are big diamond markets. What is required is for you to know their locations, contact person, how to get the diamonds to the market in a safety environment.
it. That is its mode of operation.
This is for so
rting diamonds of small sizes, most of the diamonds are small in sizes up to wheat or rice grain size the ones that are less than 2.10mm. If the piece is bigger than 2.10mm it won’t fit in a sieve. What you need to know is how many plates are in a sieve and of what size what makes a “set of sieve”.
As I talk about the growth, I hope it is not a new thing but many people do not understand that there is growth in business as it is in the human being and plants. Let’s take an example of the growth of a baby (Infant). Once a baby is born she or he must undergo the process of growth to become an adult. A new born baby does not start to walk immediately after being born. He or She has to go through the process of development.
It is an abnormal for a child of one month old to start crawling and walking. Please, I want spiritual people to understand me very well, despite of taking the Holy Communion or Anointing oil, you can’t change the process of growth. Let me ask you a question, can a pregnant woman go to delivery after the laying of hands with the pregnancy of one month? She has to undergo the process of growth for baby to born to the fullness.
You must know that growth in gem business goes from phases. Let’s say in the first month of your business you may not have even a single customer then the next month two customers and after six months you decide to quit in that business thinking that it does not profit you. Meanwhile your business needs time to grow. While you are working hard, your business growth is in phases.
Making sales is a major factor to measure your business if it is growing or not. But warning for you who is doing the gem business and expecting getting customers in two weeks. When you waited for three months and there was no customer come then you thought that your business was not growing. “NO”
May be the business is new, many people don’t know yet. It is very true that sales is one among the indicators that shows the growth of your company If is growing or not.
At the beginning of your business don’t pay attention much in sales in order to measure the growth of your business, make sure you take record of several things apart from sales like the number of people that come in your company daily, the number of calls or emails received daily. By doing so you will be able to know if you are growing or not.
There is a stagnation side in your business. But the major thing is having a good records of your business and doing evaluation monthly to know if it is growing or not. Stagnation in gem business is a problem that you have to know the source of it.
Slow growth is still a problem in a gem business and there are many reasons that make the business not to grow. What is important is to ask yourself why is your business growing too slow? Could be the location? or the product itself?. That question has to be answered by you.
I hope you have been enlightened in growth process of gem business. That is a process and not a thing of one day. And if you don’t know that process of growth takes time, then you can quit your business or give up.
Praying and fasting can accelerate the growth but not in one day. This is because there are a lot of things you have to learn and can’t learn them in one day. As you know that our God is God of order even though he had the ability of creating the whole world in one day but he did not do that.
Just think that in one day God opens the doors to your company and in one day he brings one thousand customers and you just started the business under one week. You will not know any complains of your customers, you won’t know the shortcomings of your products. At least start with 4 customers then 10, then 40, you continue growing until you reach one thousand people that will be the process of growth.
Start small means start from where you are or start with what you have. Great things or great people did not start great or above but they started very small and growing gradually. In Gem business start from where you are whether you are an agent or your company is proprietorship or limited. Majority of people don’t like to start from where they are, they are waiting to get huge amount of money as the result, they keep waiting and the days are going.
Please start from where you are. Only the pride people who do not want to start from where they are. If you want to be a great in diamond business and you don’t have the capital then start by selling red garnet, sunstone, or citrine. If you continue doing so within the period of short time you will start getting new ideas or meeting with different people.
Let me narrate you how did I started my company, in 2010 December I registered my company from BRELA and I called it “Moreshine Gemstone Enterprises”. After registration I told myself that I will apply for gem dealer license when I get enough money. But in 2011 around December again I travelled to Shinyanga region to explore the diamond sources. I visited to Kahama Mineral Office, then I went to Shinyanga town I met with different government officers. I told them my idea of starting export diamonds but I didn’t have my own license and I was thinking of using of someone else license. That mine officer told me that I will be just bearer of Diamond but no one will know that I am doing the diamond business.
From there I told myself once I return back to Dar es Salaam I will register my own company as “Sole trader” and I will get my own gem dealer license. By February 2012 I had already gotten my two license of Diamonds and Colored Stones. Surprisingly, the same week I got my first order of Tanzanite worthy of US$ 5,600 to export to Ireland. Hence I made a record of my own of export gemstone to abroad without my company being limited.
It is true that you started small but you have to make the progress. And this progress you can see it within five months. As you know when a baby reaches three months and starts the fourth one you can start seeing changes. If your business is five months old and there no tangible change, then there is a problem somewhere. I am saying in five months you must seeing changes but also you must have kept a good records of everything that is going on in your company. Keep records of the phone number inquiries, emails, the number of people coming to your office and evaluating them.
There is no problem in starting small and think big. The problem is for those who don’t want to start small or start from where they are or start with what they have. When you start small gradually you will become big. There are people with the ideas of having a business jet for gem business but they don’t want to start from where they are. And you’ll find that they don’t have even the gemstones license and they have been in business of gem for many years more than ten years. You can tell me that you want to become great in gem business and you don’t have even a broker license and you have been there for more than ten years.
In gem business every year must be better than the previous year. If the first year you had the sales of 5000 USD and the next year you sell 5000 USD, you have to realize that your business has been stagnated know that there is no progress and if you are not carefully , you will start going backward.
All in all, never forget this principle of start small, never afraid, never shy.
In this article we shall look at one among the gemstones that is found in group of garnet which is known as “Malaya Garnet”. Let’s start by looking at the names that are mostly used in the market places.
From the above there all these names have the same meaning. Probably you have seen them in different places or countries that they use both four names. Take note here, in Europe “Malaya Garnet” they call it Umbalite Garnet. You don’t need to start wondering after hearing this name in this particular part of Europe or in different websites.
Malaya garnet is a relatively new member of the garnet group. For the first time it appeared in the 1960s, mixed in with parcels of rhodolite garnets from the Umba River Valley of of Tanga region in Tanzania. But Malaya Garnet encountered with great opposition in the market because was an unfamiliar gem material.
The word malaya actually comes from Swahili language, where it means "prostitute". Local miners gave it this name because when the gem was first discovered local dealers wouldn't buy it because it didn't fit any of the known garnet varieties and occuring in a variety of unique and interesting colors including pinkish-orange, reddish-orange and yellowish orange. For example, you can get the garnet from Umba deposits, some of them with the color brown or brown yellow or brown pink or brown purple. So Malalya Garnet is not like Rhodolite, Spessartite, Red garnet, Hessonite not even green garnet but it starts with the brown color mixed with other colours.
Gemological Report eventually proved Malaya garnet to be a chemical mixture of two garnets: pyrope and spessartite. Its color is from light to dark pinkish, reddish, or yellowish orange.
Some of Malaya garnet can display color change phenomenon. For example in daylight or fluorescent light a Malaya garnet may appear blue green while under incandescent light it changes color to pink red. Other stones, like sapphire, spinel, and Alexandrite, can show color change. In fact Malaya garnet color change can easily be mistaken for alexandrite.
The price and value of Malaya Garnet vary according to the size and quality of the gem. Color, clarity and the degree of color change are all important factors in valuing top grade Malaya Garnet. Malaya garnet is one of the more expensive garnets. It’s usually available in various fancy shapes. Along with the other garnets, it’s a US birthstone for January.
Tanzania, Kenya, Madagascar
Ultrasonic cleaning - Usually safe
Steam cleaning - Never
Warm, soapy water - safe
1. Jewelry must has diamond
2. Natural gems
3. Untreated gems
4. Jewelry must has one of these stones ruby, sapphire or emerald
5. Good color
6. Precious metals gold, silver or platinum
7. Single stone or set of stones should be above 3 carats
As a jewelry business owner avoid using technical terms to customers. Here I am not talking to gemstone sellers.
When a customer comes to your jewelry store for the purpose of buying jewelry, the best you can do is asking what exactly the customer wants. Then provide with jewelry that has a gem that can stand sunlight and chemical such as toilet soap.
If the jewelry you are selling is fade easily, you don’t have to explain about “tone, hue or saturation”. Just say this gem has not been treated or treated. Remember you are selling jewelry, all you need to do is use a “word picture” for a customer to understand.
If you are selling a jewelry with “phenomenal stone, the best you can do is to show the customer the drama of the gem. No need to give details of the gem composition, or why the sapphire changes color. If you are selling a blue sapphire you don’t have to say that this stone has iron and titanium. Be reminded you are selling jewelry no need to give “gemological terminologies” , just say blue color is one of the attractive colors and is a business color.
You can use Trade Terms
Sometime you may come across a customer who knows what he is looking for. “ I need a ring with pink gemstone, which I will be wearing more often” your answer should be “we have ‘fancy colored sapphire’ or ‘fancy colored diamond’
You can use the name of a country or a city to explain the durability of the gemstone, for instance;
Precaution, do not give details of a city or country if you are not sure where the gemstone comes from (origin). Remember in gemstone and jewelry business integrity is very important for sustain customers.
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